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Here are some of the latest independent, peer-reviewed and published studies, reports and analysis documenting biological harm from exposure to RF radiation and electromagnetic fields. See also behavioral studies. 

In many of these studies, laboratory animals are used to determine the toxicity of the exposures. According to the National Institutes of Health, "Mice and rats have long served as the preferred species for biomedical research due to their anatomical, physiological, and genetic similarity to humans."

We also note that RF radiation is the same, whether it comes from cell phones, routers, tablets, laptops or cell towers.

We are grateful to our friends at Environmental Health Trust for helping to provide this information. 

For a comprehensive listing of health effects related to exposure to wireless radiation please visit





1. Modeled and Perceived Exposure to Radiofrequency Electromagnetic Fields From Mobile-Phone Base Stations and the Development of Symptoms Over Time in a General Population Cohort. Andrianome, S., et al. Journal of Public Health: From Theory to Practice: (2017).

2. Electromagnetic hypersensitivity: a critical review of explanatory hypotheses. Dieudonné, M., et al. Environ Health 19, 48 (2020).

Blue light impacts on Circadian rhythm

  1. Evaluating the Association between Artificial Light-at-Night Exposure and Breast and

    Prostate Cancer Risk in Spain (MCC-Spain Study). Garcia-Saenz, A., et al.

    Environmental health perspectives, 126(4), (2018).

  2. The inner clock- Blue light sets the human rhythm. Wahl, S., et al. Journal of

    Biophotonics: (2019).

Interferences with learning (and interference with others learning)

  1. On or off-task: The negative influence of laptops on neighboring students’ learning

    depends on how they are used. Hall, A., et al. Computers & Education: (2020).

  2. The effect of social media multitasking on classroom performance. Demirbilek, M., et. al.

    Active Learning in Higher Education:


  3. Dividing attention in the classroom reduces exam performance. Glass, A., et al. An

    International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology: : (2018).

Bullying/Aggressive Behavior

8. The drawbacks of Information and Communication Technologies: Interplay and psychopathological risk of nomophobia and cyber-bullying, results from the bullying and youth mental health Naples study (BYMHNS). Catone, G., et. al. Computers in Human Behavior: (2020).

Lack of Developmental Social Skills and Well-Being

  1. Associations between screen time and lower psychological well-being among children

    and adolescents: Evidence from a population-based study. Twenge, J., et. al. Preventive

    Medicine Reports: 10.1016/j.pmedr.2018.10.003. (2018).

  2. Youth Screen Time and Behavioral Health Problems: The Role of Sleep Duration and

    Disturbances. Parent, J., et. al. Journal of Developmental & Behavioral Pediatrics 37:277–284:10.1097/DBP.0000000000000272. (2016).

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